Claudia Kozman (PhD, Indiana University) is an assistant professor in residence in the Journalism and Strategic Communication Program at Northwestern University in Qatar. Her research primarily focuses on news content, with particular attention to framing and sourcing in Arab media, in addition to journalistic patterns of newsgathering and the role of journalists as newsmakers. The topic area of her research is media coverage of conflict in the Middle East and public opinion and perceptions during political turmoil, which she studies from a comparative perspective. The latter also includes scholarly output on media systems in the Arab region.

Beside political communication, Kozman conducts research on sport journalism, focusing on media coverage of issues that go beyond the entertainment value that sports bring. In particular, she examines media sourcing and framing of sports issues in relation to politics and health, among others.

Prior to joining academia, Kozman worked in journalism for 13 years, most of which were in sports, as reporter, editor, producer, and anchor, in print, digital, and broadcast media. During her career, she covered numerous Lebanese, pan-Arab, and Asian sports tournaments, as well as international ones, including the Winter Olympic Games. Alongside working as a journalist, Kozman has occupied managerial and editorial positions in online media in Lebanon, and was the press secretary of the president of the Asian Football Confederation in Malaysia.

Research Expertise

  • Media Systems: Frameworks for analyzing country media systems in the Arab region
  • Media and Conflict: Media coverage of conflict and wars; public opinion and media uses during conflict
  • Research Methodologies: Tools to conduct and evaluate empirical research; scientific media literacy
  • Sports Journalism: Media coverage of sports issues that extend beyond entertainment and into politics, health, and public life


  • Sports Writing and Reporting


Kozman, C., So, C. Y., Salim, S. K., Movahedian, M., El Amin, J., & Melki, J. (2022). Social media behavior during uprisings: selective sharing and avoidance in the China (Hong Kong), Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon protests. Online Media and Global Communication. https://doi.org/10.1515/omgc-2022-0053

Melki, J., Kozman, C., Mellado, C., Elórtegui, C., So, C. Y., Movahedian, M., ... & Farhat, S. (2022). Selective exposure during uprisings: A comparative study of news uses in Chile, Hong Kong, Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon. International Communication Gazette, https://doi.org/10.1177/17480485221144582.

Kozman, C. & Melki, J. (2022). Selection bias of news on social media: The role of selective sharing and avoidance during uprisings. International Journal of Communication, 16, 21.

Kozman, C. (2022). Research as power. In P. Mihailidis, S. Shresthova, & M. Fromm (Eds). Transformative media pedagogies. Routledge.

Kozman, C. (2022). Digital media and alternative platforms: Empowerment tools for civic engagement. In J. Karam & R. Majed (Eds.). The Lebanon uprising of 2019: Voices from the revolution. I.B. Tauris.

Kozman, C. (in press). Teaching research methods online. In R. Cozma and S. Keith (Eds). Teaching journalism online. WJEC-UNESCO.

Kozman, C. (2021). Reconceptualizing Arab media research: Moving from centrism toward inclusiveness and balance. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 98(1), 241-262.

Kozman, C. (2021). Media in the Middle East & North Africa. In D. Dimitrova (Ed). Global journalism: Understanding world media systems. Rowman & Littlefield.

Kozman, C., & Cozma, R. (2021). Keeping the gates on Twitter: Interactivity and sourcing habits of Lebanese traditional media. International Journal of Communication, 15, 21.

Kozman, C., & Cozma, R. (2021). Lebanese television on Twitter? A study of uses and dis(engagement). Journalism Practice, 15(4), 508-525. DOI: 10.1080/17512786.2020.1732832

Kozman, C., Selim, A., & Farhat, S. (2021). Sexual objectification and gender display in Arabic music videos. Sexuality & Culture, 25(5), 1742-1760.

Kozman, C., Melki, J., & Tabbara, R. (2021). Media and uncertainty during war: The role of media and communication in reducing uncertainty during the Syrian conflict. Media and Communication, 9(4), 297-308.

Melki, J.  & Kozman, C. (2021). Selective exposure during uprisings: Examining the public’s news consumption and sharing tendencies during the 2019 Lebanon Protests. International Journal of Press/Politics, 26(4), 907-928.

Melki, J.  & Kozman, C. (2021). Media dependency, selective exposure, and trust during war: Media sources and information needs of displaced and non-displaced Syrians. Media, War & Conflict, 14(1), 93-113.

Richter, C. & Kozman, C. (Eds., 2021). Arab media systems. OpenBook Publishers. ISBN: 978-1-78374-393-3-90000.

Kozman, C., & Melki, J. (2018). News media uses during war and conflict: The case of the Syrian civil war. Journalism Studies, 19(10), 1466-1488.

Cozma, R., & Kozman, C. (2018). The Syrian crisis in U.S. and Lebanese newspapers: A cross-national analysis. International Communication Gazette, 80(2), 185-204.

Kozman, C. (2017). Use of steroids in baseball primarily sports story. Newspaper Research Journal, 38(1), 46-61.

Kozman, C. (2017). Who framed the steroid issue in baseball? A study of the frame-source relationship in traditional and new media. Journal of Sports Media, 12(2), 125-156.

Kozman, C. (2017). Measuring issue-specific and generic frames in the media’s coverage of the steroid issue in baseball. Journalism Practice, 11(6), 777-797.

Cozma, R., & Kozman, C. (2015). The Syrian crisis in the news: How U.S. elite newspapers framed the international reaction to Syria’s use of chemical weapons. Journalism Practice, 9(5), 669-686.

Kozman, C. (2013). The Tiger Woods scandal in the media: Measuring attribute effects on the public. International Journal of Sport Communication, 6(2), 214-233.