Claudia Kozman (Ph.D., Indiana University) is an assistant professor in residence in the Journalism and Strategic Communication Program. As a journalism scholar, she studies the news and public perceptions of the news from a comparative perspective. Integrating communication theories within a broader media systems approach, she focuses on the contexts of conflict and sports to analyze news content as a product of the intersection of journalistic norms and external influences, such as politics and laws, in a given media system. From the audience side, Kozman’s research explores public opinion during conflict to uncover patterns in media dependency, news consumption, and information dissemination. The main theoretical frameworks she relies on are framing, sourcing, and selection bias (selective exposure, avoidance, and sharing).

Kozman’s research on sports has explored sports news in contentious issues that carry political and societal significance, such as the use of steroids in baseball. Specifically, she examined the intersection of sports and politics through a framing and sourcing approach. Her current research takes a media systems perspective to understand how the media cover daily sports news and international mega events, such as the FIFA World Cup and the Olympic Games.

Prior to joining academia, Kozman worked in journalism for 13 years, most of which were in sports, as reporter, editor, producer, and anchor, in print, digital, and broadcast media. During her career, she covered numerous Lebanese, pan-Arab, and Asian sports tournaments, as well as international ones, including the Winter Olympic Games. Alongside working as a journalist, Kozman has occupied managerial and editorial positions in online media in Lebanon and was the press secretary of the president of the Asian Football Confederation in Malaysia.

Research Expertise

  • Media Systems: Frameworks for analyzing country media systems in the Arab region
  • Media and Conflict: Media coverage of conflict and wars; public opinion and media uses during conflict
  • Research Methodologies: Tools to conduct and evaluate empirical research; scientific media literacy
  • Sports Journalism: Media coverage of sports issues that extend beyond entertainment and into politics, health, and public life


  • News and Numbers
  • Research for Reporting
  • Sport Reporting and Writing
  • Sport, Media, & Society


Kozman, C., & Liu, R. (2024). Sports news in five Arab countries: A comparative study of platforms, sources, and journalistic role performance. Communication & Sport. DOI: 10.1177/21674795241231004

Ajjan, M. & Kozman, C. (2023). The suicide of Egyptian queer activist Sarah Hegazi in the news: A comparative analysis of the coverage in Egyptian, Lebanese, and American media. Health Communication. DOI: 10.1080/10410236.2023.2229985

El Amine, J., & Kozman, C. (2023). Framing and sourcing the 2019 Lebanese protests on local television. International Journal of Communication, 17, 4997–5016.

Mellado, C., … Kozman, C. et al. (2023). Does news platform matter? Comparing online journalistic role performance to newspaper, radio, and television. Digital Journalism. DOI: 10.1080/21670811.2023.2191332

Melki, J., Kozman, C., Mellado, C., Elórtegui, C., So, C. Y., Movahedian, M., ... & Farhat, S. (2023). Selective exposure during uprisings: A comparative study of news uses in Chile, Hong Kong, Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon. International Communication Gazette, 85(7), 537-559.

Kozman, C. (2023). Reporting the MENA as conflict: Political influences, routine practices, and journalists’ struggles in the field. In E. B. Rey, S. Bebawi, & B. Mutsvairo (Eds), Routledge companion to journalism in the Global South (pp. 262-270). Routledge.

Kozman, C. (2023). Teaching research methods online. In R. Cozma & S. Keith (Eds), Teaching journalism online (pp.96-100). WJEC-UNESCO. DOI: 10.58338/OXZD4474

Kozman, C. (2023). Alternative media and digital platforms: Empowerment tools for civic engagement. In J. Karam & R. Majed (Eds.). The Lebanon uprising of 2019: Voices from the revolution (pp. 120-129). I.B. Tauris.

Kozman, C. & Melki, J. (2022). Selection bias of news on social media: The role of selective sharing and avoidance during uprisings. International Journal of Communication, 16, 2864-2884.

Kozman, C., So, C. Y., Salim, S. K., Movahedian, M., El Amin, J., & Melki, J. (2022). Social media behavior during uprisings: Selective sharing and avoidance in the China (Hong Kong), Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon protests. Online Media and Global Communication, 1(4), 723-748.

Kozman, C. (2022). Research as power. In P. Mihailidis, S. Shresthova, & M. Fromm (Eds), Transformative media pedagogies (pp. 146-152). Routledge.

Kozman, C. (2021). Reconceptualizing Arab media research: Moving from centrism toward inclusiveness and balance. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 98(1), 241-262.

Kozman, C., & Cozma, R. (2021). Keeping the gates on Twitter: Interactivity and sourcing habits of Lebanese traditional media. International Journal of Communication, 15, 21.

Kozman, C., & Cozma, R. (2021). Lebanese television on Twitter? A study of uses and dis(engagement). Journalism Practice, 15(4), 508-525.

Kozman, C., Selim, A., & Farhat, S. (2021). Sexual objectification and gender display in Arabic music videos. Sexuality & Culture, 25(5), 1742-1760.

Kozman, C., Melki, J., & Tabbara, R. (2021). Media and uncertainty during war: The role of media and communication in reducing uncertainty during the Syrian conflict. Media and Communication, 9(4), 297-308.

Melki, J.  & Kozman, C. (2021). Selective exposure during uprisings: Examining the public’s news consumption and sharing tendencies during the 2019 Lebanon Protests. International Journal of Press/Politics, 26(4), 907-928.

Melki, J.  & Kozman, C. (2021). Media dependency, selective exposure, and trust during war: Media sources and information needs of displaced and non-displaced Syrians. Media, War & Conflict, 14(1), 93-113.

Kozman, C. (2021). Media in the Middle East & North Africa. In D. Dimitrova (Ed), Global journalism: Understanding world media systems (pp. 109-121). Rowman & Littlefield.

Richter, C. & Kozman, C. (Eds., 2021). Arab media systems. OpenBook Publishers. ISBN: 978-1-78374-393-3-90000.

Kozman, C. (2018). Review of the book The Lebanese media: Anatomy of a system in perpetual crisis, by Sarah El-Richani. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, 11(1), 111-113.

Kozman, C., & Melki, J. (2018). News media uses during war and conflict: The case of the Syrian civil war. Journalism Studies, 19(10), 1466-1488.

Cozma, R., & Kozman, C. (2018). The Syrian crisis in U.S. and Lebanese newspapers: A cross-national analysis. International Communication Gazette, 80(2), 185-204.

Kozman, C. (2017). Use of steroids in baseball primarily sports story. Newspaper Research Journal, 38(1), 46-61.

Kozman, C. (2017). Who framed the steroid issue in baseball? A study of the frame-source relationship in traditional and new media. Journal of Sports Media, 12(2), 125-156.

Kozman, C. (2017). Measuring issue-specific and generic frames in the media’s coverage of the steroid issue in baseball. Journalism Practice, 11(6), 777-797.

Cozma, R., & Kozman, C. (2015). The Syrian crisis in the news: How U.S. elite newspapers framed the international reaction to Syria’s use of chemical weapons. Journalism Practice, 9(5), 669-686.

Kozman, C. (2014). Interview with Gordon Glen Watson, Director of Media and Communications, Oceania Football Confederation. International Journal of Sport Communication, 7(4), 445-449.

Kozman, C. (2013). The Tiger Woods scandal in the media: Measuring attribute effects on the public. International Journal of Sport Communication, 6(2), 214-233.

Kozman, C. (2013). Interview with Steve Dettre, Events Services Director, Infostrada Sports Group. International Journal of Sport Communication, 6(2), 153-157.