References, Citations, CopyrightStudents must cite work in two places: in-text and at the end of papers, regardless of the citation style used. Be sure to verify with instructors the required citation style.
Style guides and manuals
We recommend referring to these style guides and manuals:
- APA American Psychological Association) Style Guide - from The Purdue Online Writing Lab
- MLA (Modern Language Association) Style Guide - from the Purdue Online Writing Lab
Print ed. BF76.7 .C66 2010
- Associate Press Style Guide – an online subscription to this product is provided to all journalism students.
Print ed. PN4783 .A83 2013
- Chicago Manual of Style
Print ed. Z253 .U69 2010
Northwestern and NU-Q provide students with access to software programs designed to download, store and manipulate bibliographic information and can save you countless hours gathering data to write your papers.
This product is available to NU-Q students and faculty. Go to RefWorks and register for an account. You must be on the NU-Q campus or connected to NU VPN off campus. You may need NU-Q IT administrator permission to add the ‘written cite’ feature to MS word.
EndNote comes with the NU Toolkit, including customized connections that work with Northwestern's library databases. Details about the NU Toolkit can be found on the University Library website.
Zotero is a free and open-source bibliographic manager that is usable with the Firefox web browser. Go to Zotero to download and install the product.
Copyright and Scholarly Communication
Northwestern University Library seeks to foster broad understanding of copyright laws and their implications for research, teaching and learning. As residents of Qatar we also follow Qatar’s copyright laws.