Jairo Lugo-Ocando is director of executive and graduate education and professor in residence.

Lugo-Ocando previously served as a tenured associate professor and deputy head at the School of Media and Communication at the University of Leeds and was the head of the MA Global Journalism program at the University of Sheffield. 

Before entering academe, he served as news editor-in-chief of Venezuela’s Dairio La Verdad and worked as a journalist and freelance writer for several news organizations in Venezuela, USA, Peru, and Colombia.

Lugo-Ocando received his PhD from the University of Sussex and an MA from Lancaster University in media studies and international relations.


  • Poverty, Social Exclusion and the Media
  • Journalism and representation of development
  • Humanitarian communication and public relations
  • The use of statistics and data by journalists and news media


Monographs and books

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo and Nguyen, A. (Under Contract 2022). News Stories & Numbers. How Journalists use statistics. London: Palgrave.

Martisini, Alessandro (Forthcoming 2021). Quality News and Numbers: Journalism, Statistics and the Creation of Social Reality. London: Anthem Press.

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (Forthcoming 2020). N A Mouthpiece for Truth: How Foreign Aid shaped journalism in the Global South. London: Lexington Books.

Lugo-Ocando, J. (2018). Crime Statistics in the News:  Journalism, Numbers and Social Deviation. London: Palgrave. http://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9781137398406

Harkins, Steven & Jairo Lugo-Ocando. (2017). Poor News: Poverty, Politics and Ideology in the British Press. London: Rowman & Littlefield.  https://www.rowmaninternational.com/book/poor_news/3-156-48a73405-f28f-4e28-9af5-c897cf2a188d

Lugo-Ocando, J. and Nguyen, An (2017). Developing News: Global Journalism and the Coverage of 'Third World' Development. London: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Developing-News-Global-journalism-and-the-coverage-of-Third-World-development/Lugo-Ocando-Nguyen/p/book/9780415621823

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (2014).  Blaming the Victim: How Global Journalism Fails those in Poverty.London: Pluto Press.http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/distributed/B/bo21626177.html

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (2009). ICTs, Democracy and Development. VDM Verlag: Saarbrücken, Germany. https://www.morebooks.de/store/us/book/icts,-democracy-and-development/isbn/978-3-639-14292-1

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (1998). Información de Estado. Maracaibo: Vennet Editores, S.A./Editiones Corpozulia. http://www.urbe.edu/UDWLibrary/InfoBook.do?id=2438

Edited books

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (Editor) (2008). The Media in Latin America. Berkshire, UK: Open University Press. https://www.amazon.com/Media-Latin-America-National/dp/0335222013

Journal Articles

de las Heras-Pedrosa, Carlos; Jambrino-Maldonado, Carmen; Iglesias-Sánchez, Patricia; Jairo Lugo-Ocando (2019). The United States Presidential Elections from the Point of View of the European Press. Norteamérica, Revista Académica del CISAN-UNAM. Vol 14, No 1, Pages 374-475. http://www.revistanorteamerica.unam.mx/index.php/nam/article/view/374/475

Salar, Silvia Olmedo, and Jairo Lugo-Ocando (2018). "International Cooperation, Foreign Aid and Changes in Media Agenda: The Case of Voces." Journal of Latin American Communication Research 6.1-2. https://www.alaic.org/journal/index.php/jlacr/article/view/292

Andrade, Gabriel and Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (2018). The Angostura Address 200 Years Later: A Critical Reading. Iberoamericana – Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, X(X): X, 1–9. DOI: https://www.iberoamericana.se/articles/10.16993/iberoamericana.427/

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (2018). A Mouthpiece for Truth: Foreign Aid for Media Development and the making of journalism in the Global South. Brazilian Journalism Research (BJR).  Vol. 14, No 2. Pages 414-431 https://bjr.sbpjor.org.br/bjr/article/view/1101/pdf

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo and Glück, Antje (2018). El periodismo científico y el uso de la emociones en las narrativas noticiosas en la era de la posverdad: Un estudio comparativo entre el Reino Unido y la India (Scientific journalism and the use of emotions in news narratives in the post-truth era: A comparative study of the United Kingdom and India). Contratexto. No. 29. Pages 23-45.http://revistas.ulima.edu.pe/index.php/contratexto/article/viewFile/1863/2060

Alvear F.J. and Lugo-Ocando J (2016). When Geopolitics becomes Moral Panic: El Mercurio and the use of international news as propaganda against Salvador Allende’s Chile (1970–1973). Media History. 1-19. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13688804.2016.1211929

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo and Faria Brandão R (2016). Stabbing News: Articulating crime statistics in the newsroom. Journalism Practice. 10(6), 715-729. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17512786.2015.1058179

Ruiz-Mora, Isabel, Lugo-Ocando, Jairo and Castillo-Esparcia, Antonio (2016). Reluctant to talk, reluctant to listen: Public relations professionals and their involvement in CSR programmes in Spain. Public Relations Review. 42(3), 402-407.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0363811115001459

Nguyen, An and Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (2016). The state of data and statistics in journalism and journalism education: Issues and debates.Journalism. 17(1), 3-17. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1464884915593234

Lugo-Ocando, J Jairo, Hernández, Alexander. and Marchesi, Monica. (2015). Social Media and Virality in the 2014 Student Protests in Venezuela: Rethinking Engagement and Dialogue in Times of Imitation. International Journal of Communication 9, 9, 3782-3802. http://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/341

Book Chapters

Lugo-Ocando, J. (Forthcoming in 2019). Noticias, modernidad y discurso: Reflexiones para un nuevo modelo de periodismo latinoamericano. In Donot M, Serrano Y & Smouth E (Ed.) Medios y América Latina. Propiedad – Discurso – Recepción. Strasbourg: Presses Universitaires de Strasbourg.

Lugo-Ocando and Andrade, Gabriel (2019). Selling the Lottery to earn salvation: Why journalism practice needs to embrace risk to achieve effective humanitarian communication. In Lawrence, Michael and Tavernor, Rachel. Global Humanitarianism and Media Culture. Manchester: Manchester University Press. http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/9781526117298/

Brambilla J. And Lugo-Ocando, J. (2018). Lobbying for Life: Violence against the Press and the Public Interest. In Johnston J & Pieczka, M (Ed.)Confronting the Public Interest: A Communication Dialectic (1st, 1). New Directions in Public Relations and Communication Research. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-New-Directions-in-Public-Relations--Communication-Research/book-series/RNDPRCR

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo and Lawson, Brendan (2017). Poor numbers, poor news: the ideology of poverty statistics in the media. In Nguyen N (Ed.).News, Numbers and Public Opinion in a Data-Driven World. London: Bloomsbury. https://bloomsbury.com/uk/news-numbers-and-public-opinion-in-a-data-driven-world-9781501330353/

Lugo-Ocando J (2017). teleSUR en el contexto mundial de las cadenas televisivas de noticias internacionales: Las lecciones que nunca se aprendieron. In Suppo H (Ed.) teleSur: ¿Poder Blando Contra Hegemónico? Buenos Aires, Argentina: Editorial Sudamericana.http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/109957/

Lugo-Ocando J (2017). Statistics in Journalism Practice and Higher Education. In Ramirez-Montoya MS (Ed.) Handbook of Research on Driving STEM Learning with Educational Technologies. IGI Global: Hershey, PA. Pages 471-879. https://www.amazon.com/Handbook-Research-Educational-Technologies-Instructional/dp/1522520260

Lugo-Ocando J (2017). Journalists Do Live in a Parallel Universe: A Response to Practitioner Critiques of Journalism Academics. In Barkho L (Ed.) Towards a Praxis-Based Media and Journalism Research. Intellect: Bristol, UK. Pages 193-204.https://www.press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/distributed/T/bo26236709.html

Ruiz-Mora I, Lugo-Ocando J (2017). The imperative needs of dialogue between CSR departments and PR practitioners. Empirical evidence from Spain. In Lindgreen A, Vanhamme J & Watkins R (Ed.). Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility in the Digital Era. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Communicating-Corporate-Social-Responsibility-in-the-Digital-Era/Lindgreen-Vanhamme-Watkins/p/book/9781472484161

Harkins S, Lugo-Ocando J (2017). How Malthusian ideology crept into the newsroom: British tabloids and the coverage of the ‘underclass’. In Kelsey, Darren; Mueller, Frank; Whittle, Andrea; KhosraviNik, Majid (Editors). The Discourse of Financial Crisis and Austerity: Critical analyses of business and economics across disciplines. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge.https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1138280976/ref=ppx_yo_dt_b_asin_title_o01__o00_s00?ie=UTF8&psc=1

Harkins S, Lugo-Ocando J (2016). All People are Equal, but Some People are More Equal than Others: How and Why Inequality Became Invisible in the British press. In Servaes J & Oyedemi T (Ed.) The Praxis of Social Inequality in Media: A Global Perspective. Communication, Globalization, and Cultural Identity. London: Rowman & Littlefield. https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781498523486/The-Praxis-of-Social-Inequality-in-Media-A-Global-Perspective

Special Issues of Journals Edited

Castro, Cosette, María Soledad Segura, and Jairo Lugo-Ocando (2018). "Dossier Presentation-International Cooperation, Journalism and Media Development in Latin America: Historical Perspectives, Postcolonial Continuities and Challenges Facing the Future." Journal of Latin American Communication Research 6.1-2. http://www.alaic.org/journal/index.php/jlacr/article/viewFile/315/160

Nguyen, A. and Lugo-Ocando, J. (Guest editors) (2015). Statistics and Journalism. Special edition of the journal Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism. http://jou.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/07/02/1464884915593234.abstract

Lugo-Ocando, J., Conboy, M. and Eldridge, S. (Guest Editors) (2014). Special Issue of Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies. Two hundred years after Livingstone: His legacy for African journalism. http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/cfp/recqcfp.pdf

Lugo-Ocando, J. (Guest Editor) (September 2013). Special Issue: Reflexivity in the Digital World: Rethinking journalism teaching and learning in an interactive world. The Journal of Applied Journalism & Media Studies. http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/journals/view-Journal,id=220/view,page=2/

Book Reviews

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (2015). "The news and public opinion: Media effects on civic life." African Journalism Studies. Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 176-178. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/23743670.2015.1008188?journalCode=recq21

Lugo-Ocando, J. (2017). A history of the press in the Portuguese speaking countries.  Media History.  23(3-4), 538-541.https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13688804.2017.1373993?journalCode=cmeh20

Lugo-Ocando, J.  (2017). Media Movements.  Journal of Communication.  67(5), E4-E5. https://academic.oup.com/joc/article-abstract/67/5/E4/4642163

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo (2014). "The Ironic Spectator: solidarity in the age of post-humanitarianism." Digital Journalism. Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 117-119.

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo. "Book Review: Open Networks, Closed Regimes: The Impact of Internet on Authoritarian Rule." Media, Culture & Society27.3 (2005): 454-456. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/016344370502700309?journalCode=mcsa

Grants and Awards

Co-I – AHRC (2017) – Defining Freedom of the Press: A Cross national examination of press ethics and regulation in ten European countries (Grant Ref: AH/R00644X/1) UK £519,607

Co-I – AHRC (2017) – Development Assistance and independent journalism in Africa and Latin America: A cross-national and multidisciplinary research network. Grant Reference (AH/P00606X/1) UK£ 50.000

PI – The Leverhulme Trust (2017) Visiting Professorship – Professor Federico Subervi: Examining the Media in Latin America: The question of colonialism, post-colonialism and neo-colonialism in the news. (Reference VP1-2017-044). UK£ 22.130.

PI- Harry S Truman Library Institute (2017). Project Proposal: Foreign Aid and journalism in the Global South. US$ 2.500.

PI – The Higher Education Academy (2014). Teaching how to use and communicate statistics to journalism students: Statistics in Journalism Practice and Education: a cross-Atlantic comparison of best practices and approaches. £1,600

PI – Theodore C. Sorensen Fellowship from the John F. Kennedy Library (2013) – Media Coverage of the Programme Alliance for Progress US$1,800

PI – The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland – Copyright Violation and Creative Industries: The Case of Digital Piracy Networks on the Colombian-Venezuelan Border (2010). UK £2,000

Co-I – CSAFEA (China State Administration of Foreign Experts’ Affairs) – Scholarship: China-UK Language and Culture Exchange Programme (2010). £13,500

PI – The Higher Education Academy, ADM – Teaching Science and Environment to Journalism and Media Students (2010). £1,250

P-I – AHRC (UK) – Collaborative Doctoral Awards – Poverty, Migration and the Media Campaigns in Scotland (2009). £50,000

PI – The Nuffield Foundation (UK) – Uses and representations of statistics in new media coverage of crime (2009). £6,720

PI – Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland Catholic. Church owned media and Public Service Broadcasting in Latin America (2007). £2,000

Co-I – News Representations of Asylum Seekers in the Scottish Media and its Implications for Public Policy. TODA Institute – Japan (2006). US$1,400.