NU-Q dean delivers keynote address at OSCE
Dr. Everette E. Dennis, NU-Q dean and CEO, gave the keynote address at the Ministerial Council Meeting of the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) that took up the role of free media in the context of the politico-military, economic and human dimensions of security. The meeting took place at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria, on December 7-8, 2017.
The dean decried attacks on the news media by governments that are "rampant and growing and where security arguments are used as a great infringement on human freedom ... and detrimental to human well-being and security itself. [Download the full speech.]
Renewed efforts to secure and enhance freedom of information for media and the public will be enhanced by the decriminalizing of defamation, a key goal of the OSCE's famed office of Representative on Freedom of the Media, which Dennis called "a vital precondition" for security itself.
As he put it, the role of media is both to "support and challenge the fundamental assumptions of security ... in the digital age when a hacked website or the spreading of false information can be just as dangerous and threatening as military intervention was in the past."
While attacks on the news media are sometimes thought limited to the murder and jailing of journalists in repressive regimes, even in the U.S. attacks on the media as "the enemy of the people" or threats to cancel broadcast licenses can have "a chilling effect on freedom and security which are deeply disturbing," the Dean said.
In his remarks, Dennis proposed an agenda for governments and the media to confront the historic conflict between secrecy and publicity to enhance security by protecting justifiable national security matters while guaranteeing greater transparency and freedom of information.
He urged a commitment to media literacy training, new protocols for the release of information, greater advocacy for media freedom, and a commitment for media organizations to police their own house to avoid errors and fake news. He also called on social media leaders to enforce ethical standards and curtail the use of unnamed sources and advertising paid by unsavory interests.
This calls for "a continuing dialogue wherein secrecy and publicity are in play-that engages leaders of government, business, media and other institutions," he said.
The dean spoke before more than 100 European governmental leaders, security officials, educators and other officials at a palace in Vienna’s historic Hofburg.
Digital and social media for all their benefits are also undermining media freedom with fake news, trolls and other efforts at disinformation that distorts the free flow of information and the media's first obligation to seek the truth.
The dean described hacking of the Qatar News Agency website and tweets by U.S President Donald Trump as factors in the blockade of Qatar by four neighboring countries as a case where disinformation fomented trouble for regional and international security.
He scored cybercrime laws that have criminalized positive social media messages about Qatar in two of the siege states as "the other side of defamation" which usually punishes false and negative reports, not those that are simply positive expressions of opinion."
In a discussion that also touched on the role of media in the blockade of Qatar, the dean noted, that the information war in the Gulf is replete with fabricated news stories and crude attempts to undermine government and the social order, he said. He noted the aggressors' demands to close Al Jazeera, the most pervasive voice in the region and one that champions investigative reporting," itself a linchpin of media freedom and a source of essential information that governments want to suppress.
Many of the "hate-filled reports come from media outlets that were heretofore professional, responsible and generally reliable," he said in urging a return to true surveillance of the environment, rather than contaminating the news which is "an outrageous and destructive response" for robust and unconstrained freedom of expression.